Dissociative identity disorder, previously called multiple personality disorder, is usually a reaction to trauma as a way to help a person avoid bad memories.
We are not multiple, we made it all up.’ Hearing from a person will definitely ponder who is ‘me’. A person having several identity known as Dissociative Identity Disorder or Dissociative Personality Disorder- the presence of at least two or more personality in one person. The most basic condition of a person associated by disorder is depression, self- harm or post traumatic stress disorder. It reflects a loss of the ability to assimilate various aspects of one’s identity, memory as well as conscientiousness in a single multi dimensional self. In most of the cases, the basic cause of multiple disorder is due to physical or sexual abuse, particularly in childhood. It creates stress and episodes of depression which wants to deal with specific suffering but is weak enough at that time to deal with it, which gives birth to a strong identity. According to the survey, 90% cases lies with the history of childhood depression. Any incident or accidental cause of nature trigger the mind of patient and give birth to a specific identity. These identities generally want to deal with betray or pain and take revenge.
Multiple disorder is not a weakness but rather an extremely strong desire to survive. It gives a person courage to come out of situations he/she didn’t want to deal with anymore. The memory of past generally divide into identities which causes lost of memory of a particular identity at a specific level or point of time. The primary identity is the individuals original Identity that carries the given name and is passive, dependent and usually guilty and depressed. The alternate personality states, when in control, have a distinct history and identity, with their pattern of self perception. These states are referred as ‘Alters’ have different characteristics compared to primary identity. These include name, age , function, mood etc. as characteristics. The act of identity revamping does not have any regular time duration or period. It may switch in minutes, days or sometimes weeks. The patient initiate to create identity with the emergence of particular episode generally occurs to a certain stressor. The symptoms varies from patient to patient but could be concluded that they deal with the trigger. The individual experiences identity, each with its own pattern of thinking and relating to the self world. The disruption in identity involves a change in sense of self, loss of personal agency, behavior or memory. The frequent gaps in memories of personal history, including distant and recent part as well as everyday event. These gaps are not consistent with expected normal forgetfulness. Significant distress and impairment in the level of functioning also causes towards the symptoms. The main identity deals with problems like headache, time loss, trance etc.
Dissociative Identity Disorder is basically a mental imbalance which give birth to physical identities with a motive to attempt. More than 70% people commit suicide or self injury. The very first fact identity knows is- the moment they are done with these intention they’ll die, but in most cases they find another intention while completing the one. They create these enemies and deal further. There are several cases which gives a meaning to it. One of those cases is William Stanley Milligan, the first person diagnosed with DID to raise a defense, and first acquitted to a major crime, instead spending a decade in mental hospital. William Stanley Milligan was an American citizen who was subjected of a highly publicized court case in the late 1970’s. After committing several felonies he was arrested for three rapes on campus of Ohio State University. In course of preparing his defense, psychologists diagnosed with multiple personality disorder.
Hence, in almost all the cases of DID, patient is associated with any emotional stress and substance use disorder. The transition to a different personality is involuntary and most of the time patient is not aware of transition or had any memory of the event. There is no proper medical treatment invented yet but psychiatrist are a great help. Somehow, the disorder hooks into all kinds of fear and insecurities in many cases. The flamboyance of the multiple, their intelligence and ability to conceptualize the disorder, compiled with suicidal impulses of various order of seriousness.